Climate & Treeline Facts
Vegetation: How Does Your Garden Grow?
Located at 65 ° latitude, -114° longitude.
To the north of the treeline, in the Arctic tundra, numerous plants thrive such as:
- Lichen: a special plant, made up of both algae and fungus; it can grow in very cold temperatures
- Birch and willows shrubs: these trees do not grow very big, since it is too cold and the permafrost keeps them from putting down deep roots
- Heath, lingonberries, bilberries, blueberries, alpine bearberries: these are found close to the treeline, where the caribou spend the winter
- Bake-apples, also called cloudberries
- Arctic poppies
- Tundra grasses like cottongrass, and mosses.
Image: By Ansgar Walk. Arctic poppies. Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 General