Climate & Treeline Facts

Vegetation: How Does Your Garden Grow?

Located at 65 ° latitude, -114° longitude.


To the north of the treeline, in the Arctic tundra, numerous plants thrive such as:

  • Lichen: a special plant, made up of both algae and fungus; it can grow in very cold temperatures
  • Birch and willows shrubs: these trees do not grow very big, since it is too cold and the permafrost keeps them from putting down deep roots
  • Heath, lingonberries, bilberries, blueberries, alpine bearberries: these are found close to the treeline, where the caribou spend the winter
  • Bake-apples, also called cloudberries
  • Arctic poppies
  • Tundra grasses like cottongrass, and mosses.

Image: By Ansgar Walk. Arctic poppies. Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 General

« Back to the treeline map