Caribou Facts

Food Source: What’s for Lunch?

Located at 53 ° latitude, -58° longitude.

  • Lichen: Caribou eat mostly lichen, a special plant that is made up of a fungus and an algae. This relationship is known as symbiosis. Lichen grows in extreme temperatures, which make them very suitable for the Arctic climate.
  • Cyperaceae (sedges) and other grasses along with twigs and mushrooms.
  • Antlers: Caribou have also been observed to eat antlers, seaweed, and will lick salt deposits.
  • Lemmings, Arctic char and bird eggs: Although they are primarily herbivorous (plant eaters) there is some evidence that caribou will eat small animals and fish if food is scarce.

Image: By Irene Duma.

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